“I wonder what it would be like to live in a world where it was always June.” L. M. Montgomery
JUNE 1, Hugh Thomson
Irish illustrator – Hugh Thomson – was born #OnThisDay (June 1) in 1860.
Best known for his pen-and-ink illustrations of works by authors such as William Shakespeare, Jane Austen, Charles Dickens, and J. M. Barrie, among several others (he illustrated 65 books), Hugh Thomson inaugurated the Cranford School of illustration with the publication of the 1891 Macmillan reissue of Mrs. Gaskell’s Cranford.
Hugh Thomson (1 June 1860 – 7 May 1920) was the first of the Cranford School of illustrators who abandoned the 1890s style of Aubrey Beardsley for the delicacy of an 18th-century mode.
【”】The ‘Cranford School’ of illustration was not so much a ‘school’ with a common training, but more of a style which celebrated a sentimental, pre-industrial notion of ‘old England’. The style was a nostalgic, affectionate and slightly whimsical approach to historical themes and was distinguished by graphic nostalgia for a philistinism that was no more. The members of the school had all been fired by the literature, art, costume or atmosphere of England in the eighteenth century and became dealers in nostalgia on a very large scale.
JUNE 2, Edward Penfield
One of the most influential poster artists in America – Edward Penfield – often dubbed as “the father of the American poster”, was born #OnThisDay (June 2) in 1866.
A major figure of the Golden Age of American Illustration, Penfield’s work has been included in almost every major book on American illustration or the history of the poster, while he also contributed to the development of graphic design.
Edward Penfield (1866 – 1925) joined the publishing house Harper and Brothers at the age of twenty-five as a staff artist and editor. Shortly after his promotion to artistic director, Penfield created his first lithograph for Harper’s Magazine in 1893. Following its runaway success, he made posters advertising each successive issue of the magazine for over seven years.
His posters were bold and stood out from a distance with great clarity. As artists like Alphonse Mucha, Théophile Steinlen and Toulouse-Lautrec popularized the poster in Europe, Penfield accomplished the same feat in the United States. For his posters, Penfield utilized simple shapes and a limited palette of colors that lent themselves to the primitive methods of reproduction of the era.
JUNE 3, Raoul Dufy
Prolific French artist – Raoul Dufy – was born #OnThisDay (June 3) in 1877.
A multidisciplinary talent, Dufy was proficient in painting, drawing, printmaking, book illustration, scenic design, furniture design, and public spaces planning. He developed a colorful, decorative style that became fashionable for designs of ceramics and textiles, as well as decorative schemes for public buildings.
“My eyes were made to erase all that is ugly.” Raoul Dufy (3 June 1877 – 23 March 1953)
JUNE 4, Armin Landeck
Awarded American printmaker and art educator – Armin Landeck – was born #OnThisDay (June 4) in 1905.
Armin Landeck (June 4, 1905 – December 1, 1984) used a variety of techniques in printmaking, including aquatint, drypoint, burin, etching, copper engraving, and lithography. From 1934 to 1942, Landeck was very productive, creating cityscapes representing a lonely and barren New York City. These won him popular and critical acclaim, and established his reputation as a skillful printmaker.
In the 1950s his work became more abstract, and Landeck used larger plates to achieve bold, compelling lines, but realism was always at the base of his work. In 1953, he received the John Simon Guggenheim Fellowship to work in Europe, where he would spend most of his time in Paris. Landeck continued to produce prints until the last years of his life, which include scenes of New York City, his greatest source of inspiration.
JUNE 5, Conrad Marca-Relli
American mixed media artist and art educator – Conrad Marca-Relli – was born in Boston #OnThisDay (June 5) in 1913 as Corrado Marcarelli, the son of Italian immigrants from Benevento.
Painter and collagist, Marca-Relli belonged to the early generation of New York School Abstract Expressionist artists (next to Jackson Pollock, Willem de Kooning, Franz Kline, Robert Motherwell, and others), a leading art movement of the postwar era.
【”】Throughout his career, Marca-Relli created monumental-scale collages. He combined oil painting and collage, employing intense colors, broken surfaces and expressionistic spattering. He also experimented with metal and vinyl materials. Over the years his collages developed an abstract simplicity, evidenced by black or somber colors and rectangular shapes isolated against a neutral backdrop. [Terminartors©]
As his career progressed, Conrad Marca-Relli increasingly distanced himself from the New York School. He lived and worked in many countries around the world, eventually settling in Parma, Italy where he died on August 29, 2000, at the age of 87.
JUNE 6, Diego Velázquez
Diego Velázquez, the leading painter of the Spanish Golden Age, was baptized #OnThisDay (June 6) in 1599 (exact birth day unknown).
An immensely talented artist, Velázquez was an exquisite visual storyteller in the court of King Philip IV of Spain and remains the most influential figure in the history of Spanish portraiture.
Featured Diego Velázquez (1599 – 1660) artworks:
💠 Las Meninas (The Ladies-in-waiting), 1656
💠 Portrait of the Infanta María Teresa (Maria Theresa of Spain aka María Teresa de Austria), the daughter of Philip IV and Elisabeth of France, 1652-53
💠 Portrait of the eight-year-old Infanta Margarita Teresa (Margaret Theresa of Spain) in a Blue Dress, 1659
【”】One of the most famous artworks of all times, Las Meninas is regarded as a dialogue between artist and viewer, with its double mirror imagery and sketchy brushwork that brings every figure and object in the room to life […] Las Meninas remains one of the best-loved and most widely analyzed paintings in western art history.
【”】Velázquez’s final portraits of the royal children are among his finest works and in the Infanta Margarita Teresa in a Blue Dress the painter’s personal style reached its high-point: shimmering spots of color on wide painting surfaces produce an almost impressionistic effect – the viewer must stand at a suitable distance to get the impression of complete, three-dimensional spatiality.
JUNE 7, Paul Gauguin
“I am leaving in order to have peace and quiet. To be rid of the influence of civilization. I only want to do simple, very simple art and to be able to do that, I have to immerse myself in virgin nature, see no one but savages, live their life, with no other thought in my mind but to render, the way a child would, the concepts formed in my brain and to do this with the aid of nothing but the primitive means of art, the only means that are good and true.” Paul Gauguin
French Post-Impressionist artist, painter, sculptor, printmaker, ceramicist, and writer – Paul Gauguin – was born #OnThisDay (June 7) in 1848.
Disgusted with European civilization and the lack of appreciation for his work, Gauguin set sail for French Polynesia on April 1st 1891. His first stay in Tahiti lasted until August 1893.
Featured: Gauguin’s artworks from 1891/1892 (first visit to Tahiti)
🔹 Vahine no te tiare (Woman with a Flower), 1891
🔹 Melancholic (Faaturuma), 1891
🔹 Tahitian Women on the Beach, 1891
🔹 Nafea Faa Ipoipo (When Will You Marry?), 1892
Paul Gauguin returned to Tahiti in 1895. He died on the 8th of May 1903 (aged 54) in Atuona, Marquesas Islands, French Polynesia.
JUNE 8, Walter Langley
English painter – Walter Langley – was born #OnThisDay (8th of June) in 1852.
Politically left wing for his era, Walter Langley was noted for his social realist portrayals of working-class figures, particularly fishermen and their families.
Walter Langley (1852-1922) is also remembered as one of the first settlers and founder of the Newlyn Schoolℹ️ of plein air artists.
ℹ️The Newlyn School was an art colony based in or near Newlyn, a fishing village adjacent to Penzance, on the south coast of Cornwall, from the 1880s until the early twentieth century. The establishment of the Newlyn School was reminiscent of the Barbizon School in France, where artists fled Paris to paint in a purer setting, emphasizing natural light. These schools along with a related California movement were also known as En plein air.
JUNE 9, Pieter Jansz. Saenredam
Dutch Golden Age painter – Pieter Jansz. Saenredam – was born #OnThisDay (June 9) in 1597 as the son of the Northern Mannerist printmaker and draughtsman Jan Pietersz Saenredam.
Best remembered for his distinctive paintings of whitewashed church interiors (e.g., the featured Interior of St Bavo’s Church in Haarlem from 1636 or the Interior of the Sint-Odulphuskerk in Assendelft, completed in 1649), Pieter Jansz. Saenredam (1597-1665) worked scrupulously on each and every architectural interior ever depicted. His pictures were based on precise measurements of the buildings and meticulously-rendered sketches, done on site, in pencil, pen, and chalk, after which washes were applied. Painting subsequently took place in his studio, often years after completing the studies.
JUNE 10, Gustave Courbet
French realist painter – Gustave Courbet – was born #OnThisDay (June 10) in 1819.
Committed to painting only what he could see, Jean Désiré Gustave Courbet (1819–1877) rejected academic convention and the Romanticism of the previous generation of visual artists, hence leading the Realism movement in 19th-century French painting.
Courbet’s Realist Manifesto (1855)
“The title of Realist was thrust upon me just as the title of Romantic was imposed upon the men of 1830. Titles have never given a true idea of things: if it were otherwise, the works would be unnecessary.
Without expanding on the greater or lesser accuracy of a name which nobody, I should hope, can really be expected to understand, I will limit myself to a few words of elucidation in order to cut short the misunderstandings.
I have studied the art of the ancients and the art of the moderns, avoiding any preconceived system and without prejudice. I no longer wanted to imitate the one than to copy the other; nor, furthermore, was it my intention to attain the trivial goal of ‘art for art’s sake’. No! I simply wanted to draw forth, from a complete acquaintance with tradition, the reasoned and independent consciousness of my own individuality.
To know in order to do, that was my idea. To be in a position to translate the customs, the ideas, the appearance of my time, according to my own estimation; to be not only a painter, but a man as well; in short, to create living art – this is my goal.”
Featured: Gustave Courbet’s Self-Portraits (Le Désespéré 1841, Self-Portrait with a Black Dog 1842, L’homme à la pipe 1848–49)
JUNE 11, John Constable
English Romantic landscape painter – John Constable – was born #OnThisDay (June 11) in 1776.
Born in Suffolk, John Constable is known principally for revolutionizing the genre of landscape painting with his pictures of Dedham Valeℹ️, the area surrounding his home – now known as “Constable Country” – which he invested with an intensity of affection. “I should paint my own places best”, he wrote to his friend John Fisher in 1821, “painting is but another word for feeling”.
ℹ️Dedham Vale is a designated Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty on the Essex-Suffolk border in east England. It comprises the area around the River Stour between Manningtree and Smallbridge Farm, 1 mile (1.6 km) east of Bures, including the village of Dedham in Essex. It is part of the area known as Constable Country, as it was made famous by the paintings of the English Romantic painter John Constable (11 June 1776 – 31 March 1837).
JUNE 12, Egon Schiele
Art cannot be modern. Art is primordially eternal.
– Egon Schiele, cherished Austrian painter born #OnThisDay (June 12) in 1890
JUNE 13, Joseph Stella
Italian-American painter – Joseph Stella – was born #OnThisDay (June 13) in 1877 in Muro Lucano, Italy, as Giuseppe Michele Stella.
In 1896, Stella went to New York City to study medicine, yet quickly abandoned medical studies and turned instead to art. A remarkable draftsman, Stella made drawings throughout the various phases of his career, beginning as an academic realist with a particular interest in immigrant and ethnic life. From 1905 to 1909, he worked as an illustrator, publishing his realist drawings in magazines. Stella went back to Italy in 1909 and his return to Europe led to his first extensive contact with modernism which would ultimately mold his distinctive personal style, notable for its strong color and sweeping and dynamic lines.
By 1911, Stella had departed Italy, where the omnipresence of the Renaissance presented its own kind of obstacle for contemporary painters, and relocated to Paris. When he arrived, “Fauvism, Cubism, and Futurism were in full swing,” he wrote, and “[there] was in the air the glamor of a battle.” It was the right place to be, at just the right time, for a man of Stella’s curiosity, openness to new trends, and ambition.
Having met Umberto Boccioni and befriended Gino Severini in Europe, Joseph Stella became associated with the Italian Futurists and began to incorporate Futurist principles into his art, though he was also interested in the structural experiments of the Cubists and the dynamic color of the Fauves.
Stella returned to New York in 1913. He became a part of Alfred Stieglitz and Walter Arensberg circles in Manhattan and enjoyed close relationships with fellow expatriates Albert Gleizes and the leader of the New York Dada movement, Marcel Duchamp. As a result of these associations, he had almost as many opportunities as he had known in Europe to be among kindred spirits and to see advanced new art.
In New York during the 1920s, Stella became fascinated with the geometric quality of the architecture of Lower Manhattan. In the related artworks, Stella further assimilated elements of Cubism and Futurism. In the 1930s, Stella worked on the Federal Art Project and later traveled to Europe, North Africa, and the West Indies, locations that inspired him to work in various modes. He restlessly moved from one style to the next, from realism to abstraction to surrealism. He executed abstract city themes, religious images, botanical and nature studies, erotic and steamy Caribbean landscapes, and colorful still lifes of vegetables, fruits, and flowers.
JUNE 14, Agnes Tait
American painter, pen-and-ink artist, lithographer, book illustrator, and muralist – Agnes Tait – was born #OnThisDay (June 14) in 1894.
In early 1934, Agnes Tait was employed by the Public Works of Art Project, for which she executed what is considered her most famous work, “Skating in Central Park”. Tait traveled extensively in Mexico, France, Spain, Ireland, and Italy and worked on portrait commissions, book illustrations, mural commissions, and her own paintings and lithographs. In the late 1960s and 1970s Agnes Tait limited her output to smaller works depicting mostly cats and flowers.
JUNE 15, Victor Brauner
Romanian surrealist artist – Victor Brauner – was born #OnThisDay (June 15) in 1903.
An avant-garde painter and sculptor, Brauner experimented in all art movements of his generation (DADA, abstract art, expressionism). In 1930, Brauner left Romania and settled in Paris, where he lived on Moulin Vert Street, in the same building with the Swiss artist Alberto Giacometti and the French surrealist painter Yves Tanguy. He then and there painted “Self-portrait with enucleated eye”, a premonition …
Brauner returned to Bucharest in 1935, joined the Romanian Communist Party without much conviction, and went back to France for good in 1938. On August 28 that year, Brauner lost his left eye in a violent argument between the Spanish surrealist painters Oscar Domínguez and Esteban Francés. Brauner attempted to protect Esteban and was hit by a glass thrown by Domínguez: the premonition became true.
Nevertheless, Brauner continued his work up to his death in Paris, in 1966.
“Peindre, c’est la vie, la vraie vie, ma vie.” Victor Brauner (epitaph)
JUNE 16, Giuseppe Bernardino Bison
Italian painter – Giuseppe Bernardino Bison – was born #OnThisDay (June 16) in 1762.
Bison painted frescoes, landscapes, vedute (highly detailed, usually large-scale cityscapes or other vistas), capricci (architectural fantasies, placing together buildings, archaeological ruins and other architectural elements in fictional and often fantastical combinations, sometimes including staffage – human and animal figures), and some religious artworks.
JUNE 17, M. C. Escher
Dutch graphic artist – M. C. Escher – was born #OnThisDay (June 17) in 1898.
Escher’s mathematically inspired woodcuts, lithographs, and mezzotints are easily recognizable, featuring mathematical objects and operations including impossible objects, explorations of infinity, reflection, symmetry, perspective, truncated and stellated polyhedrons, hyperbolic geometry, and tessellations.
Escher’s art became well known among scientists and mathematicians, and in popular culture, especially after it was featured by Martin Gardner in his April 1966 Mathematical Games column in Scientific American. Although Escher believed he had no mathematical ability, he interacted with the mathematicians George Pólya, Roger Penrose, Harold Coxeter and crystallographer Friedrich Haag, and conducted his own research into tessellation (tiling).
“Only those who attempt the absurd will achieve the impossible.” Maurits Cornelis Escher (17 June 1898 – 27 March 1972)
JUNE 18, James Montgomery Flagg
American cartoonist, painter and illustrator – James Montgomery Flagg – was born #OnThisDay (June 18) in 1877.
Flagg is best remembered for his political posters, especially his famous Uncle Sam poster (I Want YOU for U.S. Army) from 1917 (based on the original British Lord Kitchener poster from 1914), encouraging recruitment in the United States Army during World War I.
JUNE 19, Cornelius Krieghoff
Dutch-Canadian painter – Cornelius Krieghoff – was born #OnThisDay (June 19) in 1815.
Krieghoff is most famous for his paintings of Canadian landscapes and Canadian life outdoors, particularly for his winter scenes.
JUNE 20, Kurt Schwitters
Multidisciplinary German DADA artist and MERZ art style inventor – Kurt Schwitters – was born #OnThisDay (June 20) in 1887.
As an avant-garde artist and poet, Schwitters worked in most diverse genres and media, yet he was very much a Dada soul.
Though not a direct participant in the Berlin Dada activities, Schwitters employed Dada in his work, used the word itself on the cover of his 1919 poem “An Anna Blume”, and would later give Dada recitals throughout Europe with Theo van Doesburg, Tristan Tzara, Jean Arp and Raoul Hausmann.
It is said that not being invited to the First International Dada Fair in Berlin in 1920 led Schwitters to search for “a totally unique hat fitting only a single head” – his own. This is how “Merz” as an art style started, a synonym for “Dada”.
Schwitters found the made-up word “Merz” by chance, when creating a collage with the German word Kommerz (commerce). The result – a nonsensical‚ Dadaistic word – Merz became Schwitters’ very synonym for his own way of Dada.
Featured: Merz drawings and (psychological) collages by Kurt Schwitters (20 June 1887 – 8 January 1948)
JUNE 21, Henry Ossawa Tanner
American artist – Henry Ossawa Tanner – was born #OnThisDay (June 21) in 1859.
Although many artists refused to accept an African-American apprentice at the time, in 1879 Tanner enrolled at the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts in Philadelphia, becoming the only black student. In 1891, Tanner moved to Paris, France, to study at the Académie Julian and became the first African-American painter to gain international acclaim. In 1923, the French government elected Tanner Chevalier of the Legion of Honor. Tanner lived and worked in France until his death in 1937.
JUNE 22, Frants Henningsen
Danish painter, illustrator and Academy professor – Frants Henningsen – was born #OnThisDay (June 22) in 1850.
Henningsen is best remembered for his paintings depicting unfortunate occurrences in the lives of middle-class people living in Copenhagen during difficult times.
JUNE 23, William S. Rice
American woodblock print artist and art educator – William S. Rice – was born #OnThisDay (June 23) in 1873.
Associated with the Arts and Crafts movement, William Seltzer Rice (1873 – 1963) also wrote two teaching texts, ‘Block Printing in the Schools’ (1929) and ‘Block Prints: How to Make Them’ (1941).
JUNE 24, Robert Henri
American painter and influential art educator – Robert Henri – was born #OnThisDay (June 24) in 1865.
In 1886, Henri enrolled at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts in Philadelphia and, as of 1888, he continued his studies in Paris, at the Académie Julian, being subsequently admitted into the École des Beaux Arts.
Upon his return to the US, together with a small team of enthusiastic followers, he pioneered the Ashcan Schoolℹ️ of American realism. Robert Henri was urging his friends and proteges to create a new, more realistic art that would speak directly to their own time and experience. He believed that it was the right moment for American painters to seek out fresh, less genteel subjects in the modern American city.
In parallel, Henri’s teaching career began in 1892, first at the Philadelphia School of Design for Women. “A born teacher, Henri enjoyed immediate success at the school.” From 1915 to 1927, Henri was a popular teacher at the Art Students League of New York. “He gave his students, not a style (though some imitated him), but an attitude, an approach, [to art].” [Homer, 1969]
In the spring of 1929, Robert Henri was named as one of the top three living American artists by the Arts Council of New York. Henri died of cancer that summer at the age of 64. He was eulogized by colleagues and former students and was honored with a memorial exhibition at the Metropolitan Museum of Art. Forbes Watson, editor of The Arts magazine wrote, “Henri, quite aside from his extraordinary personal charm, was an epoch-making man in the development of American art.”
Featured: Robert Henri’s portraits of girls and young women
“The particular triumph of Robert Henri as a portrait painter rests with his ability to extract the spiritual essence and personality of a subject without flattery and translate it into paint.” Valerie Ann Leeds, My People: The Portraits of Robert Henri
ℹ️The Ashcan School aka Ash Can School was an artistic movement in the United States during the late 19th-early 20th century that is well remembered for works portraying scenes of daily life in New York, often in the city’s poorer neighborhoods. The best-known artists working in this style included Robert Henri, George Luks, William Glackens, John Sloan, and Everett Shinn. The movement, which took some inspiration from Walt Whitman’s “Leaves of Grass”, has been seen as emblematic of the spirit of political rebellion of the period.
JUNE 25, Antoni Gaudí
Homage to Antoni Gaudí, passionate architect, born #OnThisDay (June 25) in 1852. Profoundly religious, Gaudí found inspiration in nature and creative certainty in his faith:
Nothing is art if it does not come from nature.
Anything created by human beings is already in the great book of nature.
There are no straight lines or sharp corners in nature. Therefore, buildings must have no straight lines or sharp corners.
The straight line belongs to men, the curved to God.
Because of this, originality consists in returning to the origin.
Antoni Gaudí (25 June 1852 – 10 June 1926)
JUNE 26, Milton Glaser
I ❤️ MG
Celebrated American graphic designer – Milton Glaser – was born #OnThisDay (June 26) in 1929 and, sadly, also passed on a June 26, in 2020.
Widely known for the design of the I Love New York logo and the psychedelic Bob Dylan poster, Milton Glaser designed many iconic posters, logos, fonts, and publications during his long career, becoming the first graphic designer to be awarded the National Medal of Arts (2009).
Glaser was also a co-founder of Push Pin Studios (1954), the NEW YORK magazine (1968), and established Milton Glaser, Inc. in 1974.
“If you can sustain your interest in what you’re doing, you’re an extremely fortunate person. What you see very frequently in people’s professional lives, and perhaps in their emotional life as well, is that they lose interest in the third act. You sort of get tired, and indifferent, and, sometimes, defensive. And you kind of lose your capacity for astonishment — and that’s a great loss, because the world is a very astonishing place.
What I feel fortunate about is that I’m still astonished, that things still amaze me. And I think that that’s the great benefit of being in the arts, where the possibility for learning never disappears, where you basically have to admit you never learn it.” Milton Glaser
JUNE 27, William John Wainwright
Undeservedly little-known English painter – William John Wainwright – was born #OnThisDay (June 27) in 1855.
Wainwright, who lived his entire life in Birmingham, was a founding member of the Birmingham Art Circle (as of 1879), next to Ernest Thompson and the artists Edwin Harris, Walter Langley, William Breakspeare, Kate Bunce, Joseph Southall, and Bernard Fleetwood Walker.
William John Wainwright was also among the first associate members of the Royal Birmingham Society of Artists (from 1881 until his death in 1931), as well as the first RBSA President chosen from the ranks of the membership in 1927.
JUNE 28, Peter Paul Rubens
The most influential artist of the Flemish Baroque – Peter Paul Rubens – was born #OnThisDay (June 28) in 1577.
A prolific artist, Rubens was widely appreciated as a painter (altarpieces, portraits, landscapes, history paintings of mythological and allegorical subjects), a designer of Flemish tapestry, and a print designer (primarily of frontispieces for the publishers in Antwerp).
Rubens (1577 – 1640) travelled all across Europe, leaving a significant legacy as he went. He built on the influence of great masters like Titian, Michelangelo, Leonardo da Vinci, or Raphael and, in turn, inspired many future famous names of the art world.
JUNE 29, Rudolph Ruzicka
Czech-American wood engraver, etcher, illustrator, typeface designer, and book designer – Rudolph Ruzicka – was born #OnThisDay (June 29) in 1883 in Bohemia.
Ruzicka emigrated to the United States when he was ten years old, living first in Chicago where he took drawing lessons at the Hull House School before becoming an apprentice wood engraver. From 1900 to 1902 he attended further classes at the Art Institute of Chicago. In 1903 he moved to New York to work as an engraver at the American Bank Note Company and at Calkins & Holden. In subsequent years he attended classes at both the Art Students League of New York and the New York School of Art.
In 1910 Ruzicka set up his first own shop in New York. Extremely talented and hard-working, Rudolph Ruzicka was assigned with successive design commissions, from typefaces and wood engraving illustrations to seals and medals.
In 1935 Ruzicka was awarded the Gold Medal from the American Institute of Graphic Arts and, that same year, he began working at the Mergenthaler Linotype Company, in what was to become a long and very successful collaboration.
Rudolph Ruzicka died in 1978, aged 95. His art is collected in the Art Institute of Chicago, the Carnegie Institute, the Library of Congress, the Brooklyn Institute of Arts and Sciences, and the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York.
Featured: Rudolph Ruzicka’s wood engravings and prints [Credits: Invaluable]
JUNE 30, Allan Houser
American artist and art educator of Chiricahua Apache descent – Allan Houser – was born #OnThisDay (June 30) in 1914 as Allan Capron Haozous (in the Apache language, Ha-oz-ous describes the sound, the sensation of pulling a plant from the earth and the point at which the earth gives away).
Houser grew up in a world of farming and ranching, rich with the Apache heritage of his people, as taught by the songs and stories of his father, who also encouraged him to obtain a formal education. Houser studied art, specifically painting, at the Santa Fe Indian Art School with Dorothy Dunn and became one of the best known Native American painters and modernist sculptors of the 20th century.
As the world is changing enormously, the pursuit of knowledge and skill becomes acute. Humans engage in lifelong learning for both personal and professional reasons. General knowledge, (continuous) learning, (re-, up-) skilling empower professional & personal development, competitiveness, self-sustainability, social inclusion, active citizenship, satisfaction & wellbeing, and employability.
But learners are different and so should be the means of learning and education. Innovation in learning is key to an inclusive education. Hence, e.g., an art-based approach to learning.