The Art-based Learning Calendar: MAY

“May, more than any other month of the year, wants us to feel most alive.” Fennel Hudson

MAY 1, Frederick Sandys

English painter, illustrator, and draughtsman – Frederick Sandys – was born #OnThisDay (May 1) in 1829 as Antonio Frederic Augustus Sands.

A close friend of Dante Gabriel Rossetti, Sandys was associated with the Pre-Raphaelites, staying though on the periphery of the Brotherhood itself (later, Rossetti accused Sandys of copying his work, yet there is no evidence of plagiarism – Sandys was manifestly as original as other Pre-Raphaelites).

MAY 2, Peggy Bacon

American painter, portraitist, caricaturist, illustrator, lithographer, writer, and art educator – Peggy Bacon – was born #OnThisDay (May 2) in 1895.

Best known for her satirical caricatures, Peggy Bacon (1895-1987) was one of the very few women-caricaturists, earning numerous awards, including the Guggenheim Fellowship for creative work in the graphic arts.

As of 1928, several New York City exhibitions of Bacon’s caricatures attracted positive critical attention, which buoyed a trend during the Depression in which art galleries regularly exhibited caricature. Bacon’s fame as a caricaturist culminated in the well-received publication of “Off With Their Heads” in 1934, a collection of artworks accompanied by equally sharp verbal observations of her celebrity subjects and methodology. One contemporary critic called the book an “artistic sensation”. The New York Times described the caricatures as “portraits in acid”.

A year later, Peggy Bacon ceased drawing caricatures. She “hated to be misunderstood and disliked offending her subjects, and she quickly lost her taste for caricature.” [Wendy Wick Reaves, ‘Celebrity Caricature in America’]

MAY 3, Jean Carlu

Born #OnThisDay (May 3) in 1900 in Bonnières, France, Jean Carlu came from a family of architects and studied to enter that profession. After an accident at the age of eighteen in which he lost his right arm, Carlu turned to graphic design. His early work reveals a fascination with the angular forms and spatial nuances of Cubism.

As Carlu’s work evolved over the next two decades, it continued to show a concern with the geometric shapes of Cubism, but this was manifested in very different ways. Carlu sought to create a symbolic language in which color, line, and content would represent emotional values. His work thus achieved a distinctive, streamlined economy of form, rarely incorporating narrative or illustrative elements.

Jean Carlu (1900-1997) spent the years of World War II in the United States, where he executed a number of important poster designs for the government’s war effort. Characterized by the same scientific precision of form as his other work, these designs were well suited to the promotion of industrial efficiency. Both American and international design traditions continue to reflect his influence. [Credits: Smithsonian American Art Museum]

MAY 4, Keith Haring

We celebrate the life and art of beloved pop and street artist – Keith Haring – born #OnThisDay (May 4) in 1958.

Throughout his career, Keith devoted much of his time to public works, which often carried social messages. He produced more than 50 public artworks between 1982 and 1989, in dozens of cities around the world, many of which were created for charities, hospitals, children’s day care centers and orphanages.

He had a very special bond with children. In a diary entry from 1986, Keith wrote: “Children know something that most people have forgotten. Children possess a fascination with their everyday existence that is very special and would be very helpful to adults if they could learn to understand and respect it.”

He didn’t believe that some people understand art while others don’t – or that art should be hidden away in galleries, museums, and private collections. Keith wanted to communicate with as many people as possible. “The public has a right to art… .”

In loving memory of ℍ (1958 – 1990) ❤️

MAY 5, W. W. Denslow

Born #OnThisDay (May 5) in 1856, American illustrator and caricaturist – W. W. Denslow – is best remembered for his work in collaboration with author L. Frank Baum, especially his illustrations for The Wonderful Wizard of Oz.

Baum’s The Wonderful Wizard of Oz was the first book in what became a fourteen-volume series. It sold nearly 15,000 copies within a month of its publication in September 1900 and remains the most popular of the Oz books – not least of all because it is the only one illustrated by W. W. Denslow, whose depictions of Dorothy, Toto, and all the other creatures and landscapes of Oz have become so iconic as to be inseparable from Baum’s story.

Denslow worked closely with Baum to create pictures of characters and landscapes not described in the text. He was truly a co-creator. As Denslow said, he had to “work out and invent characters, costumes, and a multitude of other details for which there is no data – and there never can be in original fairy tales.”

MAY 6, Ernst Ludwig Kirchner

German expressionist painter and printmaker – Ernst Ludwig Kirchner – was born on this day (May 6) in 1880.

Kirchner was one of the founders of the German artists group ‘Die Brücke’ (The Bridge), a seminal circle with a major impact on the evolution of modern art in the 20th century and the creation of expressionism.

MAY 7, Robert Graves

British line engraver and printmaker – Robert Graves – was born #OnThisDay (May 7) in 1798.

Featured Robert Graves (1798–1873) engravings:

▪A young man is shouting at a man playing the trombone, for waking him and his family up during the night. Engraving after R.W. Buss.

▪A young woman is sitting in a chair reading a story which has made her nervous. Engraving after R.W. Buss.

▪The Cat’s Paw, engraving on paper

MAY 8, Arnold Rönnebeck

German-American modernist artist – Arnold Rönnebeck – was born #OnThisDay (8th of May) in 1885.

Rönnebeck was a vital member of both the European and American avant-garde movements of the early twentieth century before settling in Denver, Colorado. He was a sculptor and a painter, but is best known for his lithographs covering a range of subjects including New York cityscapes, New Mexico and Colorado landscapes and Native American dances.

MAY 9, Grete Stern

Innovative and forward-thinking German-Argentinian photographer – Grete Stern – was born #OnThisDay (May 9) in 1904.

Together with her friend, German-born American photographer Ellen Auerbach, Grete Stern founded the widely acclaimed, prize-winning design studio ringl+pit in Berlin (in 1930, during the Weimar Republic).

Later, with her husband Horacio Coppola (Argentine photographer and filmmaker), Grete Stern helped modernize the visual arts in Argentina, and presented the first exhibition of modern photographic art in Buenos Aires, in 1935.

MAY 10, François Chauveau

French artist – François Chauveau – was born #OnThisDay (May 10) in 1613.

Immensely talented and prolific burin engraver, draughtsman, and painter, Chauveau was appointed King’s Engraver (Graveur du Roi) in 1662 by the King of France, Louis XIV. François Chauveau was also the first printmaker to be made a member to the Académie Royale de Peinture et de Sculpture on 14 April 1663.

Notable for his great culture and imagination, Chauveau was one of the four French engravers cited by Charles Perrault in his “Hommes illustres”. Chauveau left nearly 1,600 works (frontispieces, vignettes, etc.), including illustrations for works by Mademoiselle de Scudéry (he engraved the famous ‘Map of Tendre’ and the frontispiece for her Artamène), Scarron, Molière, Racine and Boileau. La Fontaine also chose Chauveau to illustrate the first six books of his fables.

MAY 11, Salvador Dalí

“Knowing how to look is a way of inventing.”

Salvador Dalí, unique Spanish surrealist artist, born #OnThisDay (May 11) in 1904

MAY 12, Dante Gabriel Rossetti

English poet, illustrator and painter – Dante Gabriel Rossetti – was born #OnThisDay (May 12) in 1828.

Rossetti was a founder of the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood (1848). His work also influenced the European Symbolists and he was a major precursor of the Aesthetic movement.

What of her glass without her? The blank gray

There where the pool is blind of the moon’s face.

Her dress without her? The tossed empty space

Of cloud-rack whence the moon has passed away.

Her paths without her? Day’s appointed sway

Usurped by desolate night. Her pillowed place

Without her? Tears, ah me! for love’s good grace,

And cold forgetfulness of night or day.

What of the heart without her? Nay, poor heart,

Of thee what word remains ere speech be still?

A wayfarer by barren ways and chill,

Steep ways and weary, without her thou art,

Where the long cloud, the long wood’s counterpart,

Sheds doubled darkness up the labouring hill.

― Dante Gabriel Rossetti (12 May 1828 – 9 April 1882), The House of Life 53: Without Her

MAY 12, Frank Stella

Happy birthday to American painter, sculptor and printmaker – Frank Stella – born #OnThisDay (May 12) in 1936!

A master of post-painterly abstraction and shaped canvas, Stella’s art was recognized for its innovations even before he was twenty-five. Subsequently, in his long and very creative career, Frank Philip Stella experimented in a wide and daring variety of genres, mediums, colors, techniques, architectures, space and metaphors!

“I don’t like to say I have given my life to art. I prefer to say art has given me my life.” Frank Stella

MAY 13, Georges Braque

Born #OnThisDay (May 13) in 1882, Georges Braque was a notable French painter, collagist, draughtsman, printmaker and sculptor.

Member of Les Fauves (1905-1908), Braque subsequently became Picasso’s partner in developing Cubism (1908-1912). Braque’s and Picasso’s Cubist works were indistinguishable for many years, yet the quiet nature of Braque was partially eclipsed by the fame and notoriety of Picasso. In 1912, they began experimenting with collage and Braque invented the papier collé technique.

Braque and Picasso continued working closely together until the beginning of World War I in 1914, when Braque enlisted with the French Army. In May 1915, Braque received a severe head injury in battle and suffered temporary blindness. He was trepanned, and required a long period of recuperation.

“The things that Picasso and I said to one another during those years will never be said again, and even if they were, no one would understand them anymore. It was like being roped together on a mountain.” Georges Braque

MAY 14, Thomas Gainsborough

Baptized #OnThisDay (May 14) in 1727 (exact day of birth is unknown), English portrait and landscape painter, draughtsman, and printmaker – Thomas Gainsborough – was of the most important British artists of the second half of the 18th century. Despite being a prolific portrait painter, Gainsborough gained greater satisfaction from his landscapes. He is credited (next to Welsh painter Richard Wilson) as the originator of the 18th-century British landscape school. Gainsborough was also a founding member of the Royal Academy of Arts.

MAY 15, Ștefan Câlția 

Happy, healthy and creative birthday to cherished contemporary Romanian painter – Ștefan Câlția – born #OnThisDay (May 15) in 1942!

Câlția’s featured paintings are inspired by the artist’s blue country-house in Șona (close to the town of Făgăraș, Brașov county, Romania), where he spent his child- and teenhood, and where he now continues to work, nourish his spirit and wisdom from, letting himself uplifted and strengthened by the magic roots of the old Saxon home village.

MAY 16, Tamara de Lempicka

Polish Art Deco painter and portraitist – Tamara de Lempicka (Tamara Łempicka) – was born #OnThisDay (May 16) in 1898.

Of all the artists pursuing the Arts Decoratifs style, Lempicka was one of the most memorable. She lived and worked in France and the United States, becoming a well-known portrait painter with a distinctive Art Deco manner. Between the wars, she painted portraits of writers, entertainers, artists, scientists, industrialists, and many of Eastern Europe’s exiled nobility. In the US, Lempicka became the ‘Favorite Artist of the Hollywood Stars’. Lempicka was also famous for her highly stylized paintings of nudes.

In 1978, Tamara de Lempicka moved to Mexico permanently. She despaired of growing old and sought the company of young people in her last years. Tamara de Lempicka died in her sleep on March 18, 1980 with her daughter Kizette by her side. Her wish to be cremated and have her ashes spread on the top of the volcano Popocatépetl was carried out.

MAY 17, A. J. Casson

Born #OnThisDay (May 17) in 1898, Canadian painter – A. J. Casson – was the youngest member of the Group of Seven ℹ️, having joined them in 1926 at the invitation of founding artist Franklin Carmichael.

ℹ️ The Group of Seven, once known as the Algonquin School, was a group of Canadian landscape painters from 1920 to 1933, originally consisting of Franklin Carmichael, Lawren Harris, A. Y. Jackson, Frank Johnston, Arthur Lismer, J. E. H. MacDonald, and Frederick Varley.

A. J. Casson (1898–1992) developed a painting style with clear colors, background designs, and a limited palette, as shown in the featured paintings.

MAY 18, Hasui Kawase

Born in Tokyo #OnThisDay (May 18) in 1883 – Hasui Kawase 川瀬巴水 – was one of modern Japan’s most important and prolific printmakers.

The lyrical name ‘Hasui’ is an ideogram of his family name fused with the name of his boyhood school, most closely translated as “water springing from the source”.

Hasui Kawase (1883-1957) was a prominent designer of the shin-hanga (‘new prints’) movement, fusing traditional Japanese art, the art of shadows, with the Western aesthetics of light and the European novelty of perspective.

In a career that spanned nearly 40 years, Hasui Kawase created several hundred consummate woodblock prints, watercolors, oil paintings, and hanging scrolls, animated by a tender reverence for the beauty and majesty of nature.

MAY 19, Jacob Jordaens

Flemish painter, draughtsman and tapestry designer – Jacob Jordaens – was born #OnThisDay (May 19) in 1593.

After Peter Paul Rubens and Anthony van Dyck, Jacob (Jacques) Jordaens (1593–1678) was the leading Flemish Baroque painter of his day.

Today Jordaens is best known for his numerous large and exuberant genre scenes based on proverbs in the manner of his contemporary Jan Brueghel the Elder, depicting The King Drinks and As the Old Sing, So Pipe the Young, as well as for his mythological, historical and allegorical paintings.

MAY 20, John Ward McClellan

American artist – John Ward McClellan – was born #OnThisDay (May 20) in 1908 in England (to American parents), where he would spend the first ten years of his life. After periods of study at Yale University and the Boston Museum Art School, McClellan went to Paris in 1932 and took classes at the Académie Julian, where he developed an interest in sculpture.

In 1938 he returned to France and travelled to Spain, before making a further trip in the same year to Mexico. There he met the journalist and author Manuel Komroff, who urged him to visit the Byrdcliffe artists’ colony based at Woodstock, in the Catskills Mountains, New York State. On his return to America later that same year, McClellan moved to Woodstock, where he lived until his death in 1986.

At Woodstock McClellan began making lithographs with the printer Grant Arnold and joined an established group of printmakers at Woodstock, including Adolf Dehn, Milton Avery and Peggy Bacon, all of whom had been drawn to the locality. McClellan used George Miller’s workshop in New York to print his lithographs, and his prints from this period share an ominous surrealist imagery.

From 1942 until 1946 McClellan served in Europe with the US forces, where his unit was among the first to reach the liberated concentration camps. His first-hand experience of witnessing the survivors had a powerful effect on him personally and upon his subsequent imagery. After demobilization McClellan returned to Woodstock and continued to produce lithographs, which after 1960 began to reflect his long-standing fascination with mathematics, which also inspired a return to his original interest in sculpture.

Although little has been published on his career or on his printmaking, McClellan produced some of the most unsettling images in twentieth-century American lithography. [Credits: The British Museum and The Smithsonian American Art Museum]

MAY 21, Albrecht Dürer

“Nature holds the beautiful, for the artist who has the insight to extract it. Thus, beauty lies even in humble, perhaps ugly things, and the ideal, which bypasses or improves on nature, may not be truly beautiful in the end.”

Albrecht Dürer, influential German painter, printmaker, and theorist of the German Renaissance, born #OnThisDay (May 21) in 1471

MAY 21, Henri Rousseau 

French self-taught post-impressionist painter of Naïve and primitive art – Henri Rousseau aka Le Douanier – was born #OnThisDay (May 21) in 1844.

Rousseau started painting seriously in his early forties and, at the age of 49, he retired from his job as toll and tax collector to work on his art full-time. Ridiculed during his lifetime by critics, Rousseau’s work exerted an extensive influence on several generations of avant-garde artists.

Henri Rousseau died early September 1910. At his funeral, seven friends stood at his grave: the painters Paul Signac and Manuel Ortiz de Zárate, the artist couple Robert Delaunay and Sonia Terk, the sculptor Constantin Brâncuși, Rousseau’s landlord Armand Queval, and Guillaume Apollinaire who wrote the epitaph Brâncuși put on the tombstone:

We salute you Gentle Rousseau you can hear us.

Delaunay, his wife, Monsieur Queval and myself.

Let our luggage pass duty free through the gates of heaven.

We will bring you brushes paints and canvas.

That you may spend your sacred leisure in the

light and Truth of Painting.

As you once did my portrait facing the stars, lion and the gypsy.

MAY 22, Mary Cassatt

American Impressionist painter and printmaker – Mary Cassatt – was born #OnThisDay (May 22) in 1844.

Mary Cassatt lived much of her adult life in France where she befriended Edgar Degas and exhibited with the Impressionists, as one of “les trois grandes dames” (next to Berthe Morisot and Marie Bracquemond). Cassatt created images of the social and private lives of women, with a particular emphasis on the intimate bonds between mothers and children.

MAY 23, Carl Bloch

Danish artist – Carl Bloch – was born #OnThisDay (May 23) in 1834.

Carl Bloch’s early work featured rural scenes from everyday life. From 1859 to 1866, Bloch lived in Italy, and this period was crucial for the development of his subsequent historical style.

Bloch was furthermore commissioned to produce 23 paintings for the King’s Chapel at Frederiksborg Castle – these were all scenes from the life of Christ which became very popular as illustrations. For over 40 years, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints has made heavy use of Bloch’s paintings in its church buildings and printed media.

Bloch died of cancer on 22 February 1890, aged 55. A prominent Danish art critic, Karl Madsen, stated that Carl Bloch reached higher toward the great heaven of art than all other Danish art up to that date. Madsen also said “If there is an Elysium, where the giant, rich, warm and noble artist souls meet, there Carl Bloch will sit among the noblest of them all!”

MAY 24, Marcel Janco

Romanian-Israeli visual artist, architect and art theorist – Marcel Janco (Marcel Hermann Iancu) – was born #OnThisDay (May 24) in 1895.

Janco was a practitioner of Art Nouveau, Futurism and Expressionism up to c. 1910 when he started working with Tristan Tzara, subsequently becoming a co-inventor of DADA.

He parted with Dada in 1919, when he and Hans Arp founded the Constructivist circle ‘Das Neue Leben’, Janco turning into a leading exponent of Constructivism in Eastern Europe.

Targeted by anti-Semitic persecution, Janco emigrated to the British Mandate for Palestine in 1941, where he created in a large variety of art fields with numerous media: oil painting, collage, relief, illustration, found object art, linocut, woodcut, watercolor, pastel, costume design, interior design, scenic design, ceramic art, fresco, tapestry, and more.

Appreciated and awarded in his new home-country, Israel, Janco convinced the authorities to build an art colony in the abandoned village of Ein Hod in 1953, where he too lived until his death in 1984. Ein Hod remains to this day a community where many awarded artists live and maintain studios and galleries that are open to the public, including The Janco-Dada Museum.

MAY 25, Pedro Joseph de Lemos

American painter, printmaker, architect, illustrator, writer, lecturer, museum director and art educator – Pedro Joseph de Lemos – was born #OnThisDay (May 25) in 1882.

Much of his work was influenced by traditional Japanese woodblock printing and the Arts and Crafts Movement. Pedro Joseph de Lemos (25 May 1882 – 5 December 1954) became prominent in the field of art education, and he designed several unusual buildings in Palo Alto and Carmel-by-the-Sea, California.

MAY 26, Ernest L. Blumenschein

American painter, illustrator, art educator, and virtuoso violinist – Ernest L. Blumenschein – was born #OnThisDay (May 26) in 1874.

Best remembered for his paintings of Native Americans, New Mexico and the American Southwest, Ernest Leonard Blumenschein was one of the founders of the Taos Society of Artistsℹ️.

Featured: Ernest L. Blumenschein’s (May 26, 1874 – June 6, 1960) paintings of American Indians

ℹ️The Taos Society of Artists was an organization of visual arts founded in Taos, New Mexico. Established in 1915, it was disbanded in 1927. The Society was essentially a commercial cooperative, as opposed to a stylistic collective, and its foundation contributed to the development of the tiny Taos art colony into an international art center.

MAY 27, Georges Rouault

French painter and printmaker – Georges Rouault – was born #OnThisDay (May 27) in 1871.

Around 1895, Rouault befriended Henri Matisse, Albert Marquet, Henri Manguin, and Charles Camoin, who introduced him to the movement of Fauvism, the leader of which was Matisse. Spontaneous and instinctive in his art, Rouault’s use of stark contrasts and emotionality is credited to the influence of Vincent van Gogh.

Much of Rouault’s work was dedicated to clowns and prostitutes. Rouault’s characterizations of overemphasized grotesque personalities inspired the expressionist painters. Later in his artistic life, he was more inclined to religious paintings.

Georges Rouault died in Paris on February 13, 1958, aged 86. In his final years he burned 300 of his pictures, apparently just because he felt he would not live to finish them.

MAY 28, Matsumi Kanemitsu

“To me, I want my work to be like life – everything that is different or opposite to be in balance, like yin and yang, negative and positive, day and night. I want to be just like sunshine, like moon.”

–  Matsumi Kanemitsu, Japanese-American painter born #OnThisDay (May 28) in 1922

The son of Japanese immigrants, Matsumi Kanemitsu was born in the U.S., but spent his childhood with his grandparents in Japan. He moved back to the United States in 1940 and joined the U.S. Army in 1941, but the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor soon led to his arrest and confinement in detention camps.

Devastating as that experience must have been, Kanemitsu began drawing with art supplies provided by the American Red Cross and eventually made his way to Europe as a military hospital assistant. After his tour of duty ended in 1946, he stayed in Europe for two years, studying with Fernand Leger in Paris, meeting other prominent artists, including Matisse and Picasso.

Kanemitsu returned to the U.S. in 1949 and plunged into New York’s postwar art scene, famously populated by artists such as Pollock, Willem de Kooning, Franz Kline, John Chamberlain, Ad Reinhardt, Robert Rauschenberg, and Jasper Johns. But as a student of Japanese painter Yasuo Kuniyoshi at the Art Students League, he also kept in touch with his cultural heritage.

In the early 1960s, apparently ready for a change of scene, Kanemitsu moved to Los Angeles, which became his final home. His first major accomplishment was a suite of prints that translated sumi painting techniques into lithography.

Matsumi “Mike” Kanemitsu (28 May 1922 – 11 May 1992) is often identified as a second-generation Abstract Expressionist, but his artistic legacy is bicultural, embracing Japanese ink painting traditions as well as American Abstract Expressionism and Pop Art.

MAY 29, Louise-Adéone Drölling aka Madame Joubert

French painter and draughtswoman – Louise-Adéone Drölling aka Madame Joubert – was born #OnThisDay (May 29) in 1797 as the daughter of French painter Martin Drolling (Drolling the Elder), who encouraged both his daughter Louise-Adéone and his son Michel Martin Drolling into artistic careers.

Louise-Adéone Drölling (29 May 1797 – 20 March 1834) became one of the few successful female painters of the time, exhibiting in the Salon des Amis des Arts in 1827 and 1831. However, Louise-Adéone Drölling was not a prolific artist, as she admitted herself in a letter from 1828. The inventory after her death mentions only a dozen of works. Having been taught by her father (who had also been the teacher of her brother), she practiced a highly skillful but very traditional art. Thus, some of her paintings and drawings have been wrongly attributed to either her father or her brother.

MAY 30, Alexander Archipenko

Ukrainian-American avant-garde artist – Alexander Archipenko – was born #OnThisDay (May 30 / May 18 O.S.) in 1887.

Sculptor and graphic artist, Alexander Archipenko (30 May 1887 – 25 February 1964) was one of the first to apply the principles of Cubism to architecture, analyzing human figure into geometrical forms. Archipenko departed from the neo-classical sculpture of his time, using faceted planes and negative space to create a new way of looking at the human figure, showing a number of views of the subject simultaneously. He is known for introducing sculptural voids, and for his inventive mixing of genres throughout his career: devising ‘sculpto-paintings’, and later experimenting with materials such as clear acrylic and terra cotta. Inspired by the works of Picasso and Braque, he is also credited for introducing the collage to wider audiences with his Médrano series.

MAY 31, Walter Sickert

Eccentric and baffling British painter and printmaker – Walter Sickert – was born #OnThisDay (May 31) in 1860 in Munich, Germany, and emigrated to Britain as a child.

A key member of the Camden Town Groupℹ️ of artists in early 20th-century London, Sickert had an important influence on distinctively British styles of avant-garde art in the mid- and late 20th century. He is regarded as a prominent figure in the transition from Impressionism to Modernism.

Walter Richard Sickert (31 May 1860 – 22 January 1942) often favored ordinary people and urban scenes as his subjects. His work also includes portraits of well-known personalities and images derived from press photographs.

ℹ️The Camden Town Group was a group of English Post-Impressionist artists founded in 1911 and active until 1913. They gathered frequently at the studio of Walter Sickert in the Camden Town area of London.

Why #artbasedlearning?

As the world is changing enormously, the pursuit of knowledge and skill becomes acute. Humans engage in lifelong learning for both personal and professional reasons. General knowledge, (continuous) learning, (re-, up-) skilling empower professional & personal development, competitiveness, self-sustainability, social inclusion, active citizenship, satisfaction & wellbeing, and employability.

But learners are different and so should be the means of learning and education. Innovation in learning is key to an inclusive education. Hence, e.g., an art-based approach to learning.

Thank you for following #artbasedlearning on both LinkedIn (Literary Birthday Calendar) and Facebook!

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