The Art-based Learning Calendar: SEPTEMBER

“September was a thirty-days long goodbye to summer, to the season that left everybody both happy and weary of the warm, humid weather and the exhausting but thrilling adventures.” Lea Malot

SEPTEMBER 1, Tony Robert-Fleury

French painter and art educator – Tony Robert-Fleury – was born #OnThisDay (September 1) in 1837 as the son of the painter Joseph-Nicolas Robert-Fleury (1797–1890).

Primarily remembered as a history painter, Tony Robert-Fleury first exhibited at the Salon de Paris in 1866, subsequently gaining great reputation for his historical compositions, portraits, and genre scenes.

For many years, Robert-Fleury also taught as a professor at the Académie Julian in Paris. He served as president of the Société des Artistes Français and was decorated with Commander of the Legion of Honour in 1907. In 1908, Robert-Fleury was elected president of the Taylor Foundation, a position he held until the end of his life, in 1911.

SEPTEMBER 2, Romare Bearden

American mixed media artist, author, and songwriter – Romare Bearden – was born #OnThisDay (September 2) in 1911.

Bearden began his artistic career creating scenes of the American South and his style was initially strongly influenced by the Mexican muralists. Later, he worked to express the humanity he felt was lacking in the world after his experience in the US Army during World War II on the European front. He returned to Europe (Paris) in 1950 and studied art history and philosophy at the Sorbonne.

Bearden’s early work focused on unity and cooperation within the African-American community. After a period during the 1950s when he painted more abstractly, this theme reemerged in his collage and photomontage compositions of the 1960s. Bearden became a founding member of the Harlem-based art group known as The Spiral, formed to discuss the responsibility of the African-American artist in the civil rights movement.

Bearden said that he used collage because he felt that “art portraying the lives of African-Americans did not give full value to the individual.” […] In doing so, he was able “to combine abstract art with real images so that people of different cultures could grasp the subject matter of the African-American culture: The people. This is why his theme always exemplified people of color.”

Before his death (on March 12, 1988), Bearden also confessed that the collage fragments aided him to usher the past into the present: “When I conjure these memories, they are of the present to me, because after all, the artist is a kind of enchanter in time.”

SEPTEMBER 3, Elin Danielson-Gambogi

Finnish realist painter and art educator – Elin Danielson-Gambogi – was born #OnThisDay (September 3) in 1861.

Elin Kleopatra Danielson-Gambogi was part of the first generation of Finnish women artists to receive professional education in art, the so-called “painter sisters’ generation” (which included the painters Helene Schjerfbeck, Helena Westermarck, and Maria Wiik).

A central figure of the Golden Age of Finnish Art, Danielson-Gambogi lived and worked in Finland, France (Paris), and Italy (where she also died on 31 December 1919, aged 58).

SEPTEMBER 4, Oskar Schlemmer

German painter, sculptor, designer, and choreographer – Oskar Schlemmer – was born #OnThisDay (September 4) in 1888.

Closely associated with the Bauhaus school, Schlemmer’s most famous work is the Triadic Ballet (Triadisches Ballett), which saw costumed actors transformed into geometrical representations of the human body, in what he described as a “party of form and color”.

Schlemmer’s ideas on art were complex and challenging even for the progressive Bauhaus movement. His work, nevertheless, was widely exhibited in Germany and abroad – a rejection of pure abstraction, instead retaining a sense of the human, though not in the emotional sense but in view of the physical structure of the human. He represented bodies as architectural forms, reducing the figure to a rhythmic play between convex, concave and flat surfaces. And not just of its form, he was fascinated by every movement the body could make – trying to capture it in his work.

Oskar Schlemmer died young, aged 54. He left behind a large body of work (associated with painting, sculpture, puppetry, theatre, and dance), along with his art theories, which have also been published. A comprehensive book of his letters and diary entries from 1910 to 1943 is furthermore available.

“If today’s arts love the machine, technology and organization, if they aspire to precision and reject anything vague and dreamy, this implies an instinctive repudiation of chaos and a longing to find the form appropriate to our times.” Oskar Schlemmer (4 September 1888 – 13 April 1943)

SEPTEMBER 5, Caspar David Friedrich

A key representative of German romanticism in art – Caspar David Friedrich – was born #OnThisDay (September 5) in 1774.

Caspar David Friedrich is easily recognizable by his allegorical landscapes, which typically feature contemplative figures silhouetted against night skies, morning mists, barren trees or Gothic ruins. His primary interest was the contemplation of nature, and his often symbolic and anti-classical work seeks to convey a subjective, emotional response to the natural world. Friedrich’s paintings characteristically set a human presence in diminished perspective amid expansive landscapes, reducing the figures to a scale that, according to the art historian Christopher John Murray, directs “the viewer’s gaze towards their metaphysical dimension”.

In Memoriam Caspar David Friedrich (5 September 1774 – 7 May 1840)

SEPTEMBER 6, Jessie Willcox Smith

Awarded American illustrator – Jessie Willcox Smith – was born #OnThisDay (September 6) in 1863.

An acclaimed representative of the Golden Age of Illustration, Willcox Smith was seen as one of the greatest ‘pure’ illustrators. She illustrated more than 60 books (Louisa May Alcott’s “Little Women” and “An Old-Fashioned Girl”, Henry Wadsworth Longfellow’s “Evangeline”, Robert Louis Stevenson’s “A Child’s Garden of Verses”, among several others) and numerous magazines (she had a steady collaboration with Good Housekeeping, which included the long-running Mother Goose series of illustrations and also the creation of all of the magazine’s covers from December 1917 to 1933).

In 1992, Jessie Willcox Smith (6 September 1863 – 3 May 1935) became the second woman to be inducted into The Hall of Fame of the Society of Illustrators.

SEPTEMBER 7, Grandma Moses (Anna Mary Robertson Moses)

“Life is what we make it, always has been, always will be.” Grandma Moses, born #OnThisDay (September 7) in 1860

Anna Mary Robertson Moses, known by her nickname Grandma Moses, was an American folk artist who began painting at the age of 78 and is often cited as an example of an individual who successfully began a career at an advanced age. Grandma Moses became an accomplished, world-renowned artist, and was busy until her worldly departure at age 101.

SEPTEMBER 8, Mimi Parent

Canadian surrealist artist – Mimi Parent – was born #OnThisDay (September 8) in 1924 in Montreal as Marie Parent, the daughter of the prolific architect, designer, illustrator, and watercolorist Lucien Parent (1893-1956).

In Canada, Parent identified with the Surrealist movement, as well as automatism, and in 1959, she became a member of the Paris Surrealist Group. Living and working for many years in France, Parent associated with other surrealist artists, such as André Breton and Marcel Duchamp.

Mimi Parent’s art is known for its symbolism, and the metaphorical use of existing objects, including human hair. Best remembered for her 3D tableaux boxes, Mimi Parent’s artworks would include figures and elements relating to mythology, folklore, and her unconscious imagination.

In her later years, following André Breton’s death and the Paris Surrealist Group’s disbandment, Parent went on to create what she referred to as “picture objects”. These included a mix between found objects sculptures and paintings. Then, her art medium turned to ink drawings.

Mimi Parent died on 14 June 2005, in Switzerland, aged 80.

SEPTEMBER 9, Maurice Eliot

French painter, pastel artist, lithographer, illustrator and drawing teacher – Maurice Eliot – was born #OnThisDay (September 9) in 1862.

An early post-impressionist, Eliot first exhibited his paintings in 1886 at the Paris Salon, subsequently making an annual appearance and becoming a member of the Society of French Artists. In 1888–89, Eliot focused on pastel art and was soon recognized as a master of the technique, being also elected as a member of the Société des Pastellistes Français. Later, proving great skill at lithography as well, Eliot joined the French Society of Painters–Lithographers (1899). In January 1901, Maurice Eliot was appointed professor of drawing, «maître de dessin», at the École Polytechnique in Paris, where he taught until 1932.

After a successful career as an artist and an art educator, Maurice Eliot died on 21 August 1945, aged 82.

SEPTEMBER 10, Marianne von Werefkin

Best remembered for her outstanding contributions to German Expressionism – Marianne von Werefkin – was born #OnThisDay (September 10) in 1860 in a rich family of Imperial Russia.

Her talent was early on discovered and, in 1880, she became a private student of Ilya Repin, the most important representative of the Peredvizhniki (The Wanderers aka The Itinerants) who represented Russian Realism. Werefkin’s first artistically important work phase was before 1890, when she made a name for herself in the realistic painting as the “Russian Rembrandt” of the Tsarist Empire. Some works have been preserved, others can only be verified through photos, and many have disappeared.

In 1892 Werefkin entered a 27-year-long relationship with Alexej von Jawlensky (a Russian expressionist painter active in Germany) and moved to Munich in 1896. From here on, she would live in Germany until 1914.

In 1907, Marianne von Werefkin created her first expressionist paintings. Stylistically, Werefkin followed the theories of Vincent van Gogh, Paul Gauguin’s surface painting, Louis Anquetin’s tone-on-tone painting, Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec’s caricature and bold painting, and the ideas of Les Nabis. In terms of iconology and motifs, Werefkin often drew on the works of Edvard Munch, and she brought the aforementioned artists into the picture before her colleagues, such as Wassily Kandinsky and Gabriele Münter, who took the first steps towards Expressionism.

When WWI started, on 1 August 1914, Marianne von Werefkin fled to Switzerland, where she would live as a stateless person (on a Nansen passport as of 1922) for the rest of her life. In 1924 Werefkin was a co-founder of the artist group Der Große Bär in Ascona, together with Walter Helbig, Ernst Frick, Albert Kohler, and others.

When Marianne von Werefkin died in Ascona, Switzerland, on 6 February 1938, she was buried in the local cemetery according to the Russian Orthodox rite, with the sympathy of almost the entire population.

The artist is the namesake of the “Marianne-Werefkin-Preis”, which has been awarded by the Verein der Berliner Künstlerinnen (Association of Berlin Artists, the oldest existing association of women artists in Germany) to contemporary female artists every two years.

SEPTEMBER 11, Daphne Odjig

Canadian First Nations artist – Daphne Odjig – was born #OnThisDay (September 11) in 1919 in Wikwemikong, on Manitoulin Island, Ontario.

Coming from a native background – Potawatomi and Odawa – Daphne Odjig was proud of the art and culture of her ancestors. Her artistic side ran in the family, with a grandfather who was into carving, sketching and painting and a father who painted and was a talented musician. Her own painting is most often described as Woodlands Style or as the pictographic style.

Daphne Odjig was moreover the driving force behind the Professional Native Indian Artists Association, colloquially known as the Indian Group of Seven, a group considered a pioneer in bringing First Nations art to the forefront of Canada’s art world. She received a number of awards for her work, including the Order of Canada, the Governor General’s Award and five honorary doctorates.

“If my work as an artist has somehow helped to open doors between our people and the non-native community, then I am glad. I am even more deeply pleased if it has helped to encourage the young people that have followed our generation, to express their pride in our heritage more openly, more joyfully than I would have ever dared to think possible.” Daphne Odjig (11 September 1919 – 1 October 2016)

SEPTEMBER 12, Anselm Feuerbach

Leading neoclassicist painter of the German 19th-century school – Anselm Feuerbach – was born #OnThisDay (September 12) in 1829 as the son of the archaeologist Joseph Anselm Feuerbach and the grandson of the legal scholar Paul Johann Anselm Ritter von Feuerbach (the house of his birth in Speyer, Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany, is now a small museum).

Feuerbach studied art at the Düsseldorf Academy, the Munich Academy, and the academy at Antwerp, Belgium. He moved to Paris in 1851, where he also started producing his first masterpieces.

In 1854, Feuerbach visited Venice, where he fell under the spell of the greatest school of colorists, several of his works demonstrating a close study of the Italian masters. From there he continued to Florence and then to Rome. He remained in Rome until 1873, making brief visits back to Germany. In 1861 he met Anna Risi (known as “Nanna”), who sat as his model for the next four years (see featured painting). Between 1869 and 1874 he painted two versions of Plato’s Symposium (see featured painting from 1869).

In 1873 Feuerbach moved to Vienna, having been appointed professor of history painting at the Academy. While in Vienna he came to know Johannes Brahms, who would later dedicate a composition to Feuerbach, “Nänie”. In 1877 he resigned from his post at the Vienna Academy and moved to Venice, where he died on January 4, 1880.

SEPTEMBER 13, Grandville (Jean Ignace Isidore Gérard)

“The first star of French caricature’s great age” – Grandville – was born #OnThisDay (September 13) in 1803 as Jean-Ignace-Isidore Gérard. “His perverse vision sought the monster in everyone and took delight in the strangest and most pernicious transfigurement of the human shape ever produced by the Romantic imagination.”

A “proto-surrealist”, Grandville was greatly admired by André Breton and other members of the movement for the elements of the symbolic, dreamlike, and incongruous in his illustrations.

The anthropomorphic vegetables and zoomorphic figures that populated his cartoons anticipated and influenced the work of generations of cartoonists and illustrators from John Tenniel, to Gustave Doré, Félicien Rops, and Walt Disney.

Unforgettable for his numerous and remarkable illustrations of classics (La Fontaine’s Fables, Daniel Defoe’s Robinson Crusoe, Jonathan Swift’s Gulliver’s Travels, Miguel de Cervantes’ Don Quixote, and more), the series of 70 lithographs “Les Métamorphoses du jour”, the books revolving around his artworks (Un autre monde, Cent proverbes: têxte par trois Tetes dans un bonnet, and Les fleurs animées), Grandville was a fabulous artist.

One can only speculate as to what Grandville may have produced if it weren’t for his untimely death on March 17, 1847, at the age of 43.

SEPTEMBER 14, Peter Lely

Dutch-British painter – Sir Peter Lely – was born #OnThisDay (September 14) in 1618 as Pieter van der Faes.

Lely studied painting in Haarlem and became a master of the Guild of Saint Luke in 1637. He adopted the name “Lely” from a heraldic lily on the gable of the house where his father was born, in The Hague.

Peter Lely moved to London around 1643 and became the dominant portrait painter to the court, succeeding Anthony van Dyck (who had died in 1641). He was knighted in 1679 and died soon afterwards, on 7 December 1680.

SEPTEMBER 15, Margery Ryerson

American artist – Margery Ryerson – was born #OnThisDay (September 15) in 1886.

Painter, watercolorist, and printmaker, Margery Austen Ryerson’s works often depict portraits of children (usually children of the underclass and immigrants) and children doing common everyday activities – learning, reading, studying music, playing or sleeping, since she taught in New York settlement houses from the 1920’s through the ‘40s. Her artistic techniques and subjects gained recognition and appealed to many.

In her rather short life (Ryerson died in 1936, before the age of 50), she also painted landscapes, cityscapes, nudes, and still-life.

SEPTEMBER 16, Jean (Hans) Arp

German-French artist Hans Peter Wilhelm Arp, likely better known as Jean Arp, was born #OnThisDay (September 16) in 1886.

Sculptor, painter, and poet, Hans / Jean Arp was part of successive avant-gardist art movements and associations, primarily Der Blaue Reiter (encouraged by Wassily Kandinsky), Dada (a founding member, Arp witnessed the naming of the movement by Trista Tzara in 1916 and, in 1920, he also set up the Cologne Dada group along with Max Ernst and the social activist Alfred Grünwald,), Surrealism (in 1925 his work appeared in the first exhibition of the Surrealist group at the Galérie Pierre in Paris), and Abstraction-Création (as of 1931, when he broke up with the Surrealist movement). In the 1930s Arp expanded his artistic efforts from collage and bas-relief to include bronze and stone sculptures. Throughout the 1930s and until the end of his life (June 7, 1966), Hans / Jean Arp wrote and published essays and poetry.

“I hereby declare that on February 8th, 1916, Tristan Tzara discovered the word Dada. I was present with my twelve children, and I wore a brioche in my left nostril. I am convinced that this word has no importance and that only imbeciles and Spanish professors can be interested in dates. What interests us is the Dada spirit and we were all Dada before the existence of Dada.” [from Arp’s ‘Declaration’, October 1921]

Featured collage: Hans Jean Arp(*) portrait with Navel Monocle (1926, unknown photographer) and artworks from his DADA period, including Fleur Marteau (1916), Collage with Squares Arranged according to the Law of Chance (1916-17), Composition Dada (1919), and Woodcut & collage for the cover of Dada 4-5, Zurich, 1919

(*)Arp was born in Straßburg (now Strasbourg) during the period following the Franco-Prussian War when the area was known as Alsace-Lorraine (Elsass-Lothringen in German) after France had ceded it to Germany in 1871. Following the return of Alsace to France at the end of World War I, French law determined that his name was to become “Jean”. Arp would continue referring to himself as “Hans” when he spoke German.

SEPTEMBER 17, Samuel Prout

British watercolor artist – Samuel Prout – was born #OnThisDay (September 17) in 1783.

A master of watercolor architectural painting, Prout discovered this particular art niche in 1818 during his first visit to the Continent. Studying the quaint streets and marketplaces of continental cities, Samuel Prout (17 September 1783 – 10 February 1852) was enchanted by the picturesque features of the architecture, and his hand recorded them with enormous skill.

SEPTEMBER 18, Anton Mauve

Dutch realist painter and first-generation representative of The Hague School – Anton Mauve – was born #OnThisDay (September 18) in 1838.

Most of Mauve’s work depicts people and animals in outdoor settings – peasants working in the fields, riders, shepherds and flocks of sheep, cattle, horses.

Anthonij (Anton) Rudolf Mauve was married to Vincent van Gogh’s cousin Ariëtte (Jet) Sophia Jeannette Carbentus, and had a major influence on Van Gogh who, in turn, held Mauve in very high esteem. Van Gogh spent three weeks at Mauve’s studio at the end of 1881 and during that time he made his first experiments in painting (oil and watercolor) under Mauve’s tutelage. Mauve encouraged Van Gogh and also lent him money to rent and furnish a studio.

Although their relationship had grown cold (as somewhat described in Vincent van Gogh’s letters), Van Gogh dedicated a blossoming fruit tree painting* to Mauve’s memory after hearing of his unexpected death (Mauve died suddenly in Arnhem on the 5th of February 1888, aged 49).

*Souvenir de Mauve, Vincent van Gogh

« Now here, for instance, at this moment, I have 6 paintings of blossoming fruit trees. And the one I brought home today would possibly appeal to you – it’s a dug-over patch of ground in an orchard, a wicker fence and two peach trees in full bloom, pink against a sparkling blue sky with white clouds and in sunshine. You may well see it, since I’ve decided to send this one to Jet Mauve. I’ve written on it ‘Souvenir de Mauve Vincent & Theo’. » Letter from Vincent to Willemien van Gogh, Arles, on or about Friday, 30 March 1888

SEPTEMBER 19, Pablita Velarde

American Santa Clara Pueblo artist – Pablita Velarde – was born #OnThisDay (September 19) in 1918 as Tse Tsan (Tewa: “Golden Dawn”).

Pablita Velarde was among the first women students at Dorothy Dunn’s Santa Fe Studio School, becoming an accomplished painter in the Dunn style, known as “flatstyle” painting. Concerned about the rapid changes in native lifestyles, she described the School’s flat painting narrative style as “memory paintings” which could help preserve older ways of life.

Velarde’s early paintings were exclusively watercolors, but later in life she learned how to prepare paints from natural pigments (from minerals and rocks), producing what she called “earth paintings”.

In 1939, Velarde was commissioned by the National Park Service to depict scenes of traditional Pueblo life for visitors to the Bandelier National Monument. Following her work at Bandelier, Velarde went on to become one of the most accomplished Native American painters of her generation, with solo exhibitions throughout the United States.

In 1960, Pablita Velarde also published a book of Tewa tribal stories, “Old Father Story Teller”.

Velarde died on January 12, 2006, aged 87. Both her daughter, Helen Hardin (1943-1984), and her granddaughter, Margarete Bagshaw (1964-2015), became prominent artists in their own right. Margarete Bagshaw founded in 2012 the “Pablita Velarde Museum of Indian Women” dedicated to her grandmother’s legacy as well as other female Native American artists in Santa Fe, however it closed in 2015 when Margarete died.

SEPTEMBER 20, Théodore Chassériau

Théodore Chassériau, French Romantic and Orientalist painter, was born #OnThisDay (September 20) in 1819 in El Limón, Samaná, the Spanish colony of Santo Domingo (today Dominican Republic) – his father was a French adventurer who had arrived in Santo Domingo in 1802 to take an administrative position in what was until 1808 a French colony.

In December 1820 the family left Santo Domingo for Paris, where the young Chassériau soon showed precocious drawing skill. He was accepted into the studio of Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres in 1830, at the age of eleven, and became the favorite pupil of the great classicist, who regarded him as his truest disciple. After Ingres left Paris in 1834 to become director of the French Academy in Rome, Chassériau fell under the influence of Eugène Delacroix and the Romantic style.

In Memoriam Théodore Chassériau (20 September 1819 – 8 October 1856)

SEPTEMBER 21, Edmund Leighton

English painter associated with the Pre-Raphaelites – Edmund Leighton – was born #OnThisDay (September 21) in 1852 as the son of the painter Charles Blair Leighton (1823-1855).

A fastidious craftsman, Leighton produced highly finished, decorative historical paintings, specializing in Regency and medieval subjects. These were romanticized scenes, often of chivalry and women in medieval dress with a popular appeal.

In memoriam Edmund Leighton (21 September 1852 – 1 September 1922)

SEPTEMBER 22, Alma Thomas

African American painter, exuberant colorist, and art educator – Alma Thomas – was born #OnThisDay (September 22) in 1891.

Best known for the colorful abstract paintings that she created after her retirement from a 35-year career teaching art at Washington’s Shaw Junior High School, Alma Thomas became an important role model for women, African Americans, and older artists.

In 1972, at the age of 80, Alma Thomas was the first African American woman to receive a solo exhibition at New York’s Whitney Museum. Thomas’s reputation has continued growing after her death. Her paintings are displayed in notable museums and collections, and they have been the subject of several books and solo museum exhibitions.

“Through color, I have sought to concentrate on beauty and happiness, rather than on man’s inhumanity to man.” Alma Thomas (September 22, 1891 – February 24, 1978)

SEPTEMBER 23, Paul Delvaux

Belgian painter – Paul Delvaux – was born #OnThisDay (September 23) in 1897.

Often associated with Surrealism (although he did not consider himself a Surrealist in the scholastic sense of the word), Delvaux was influenced by the works of Giorgio de Chirico and René Magritte, yet developed his own fantastical subjects and hyper-realistic style, combining the detailed classical beauty of academic painting with the bizarre juxtapositions of surrealism.

Throughout his long career, Paul Delvaux (23 September 1897 – 20 July 1994) explored “nude and skeleton, the clothed and the unclothed, male and female, desire and horror, eroticism and death – Delvaux’s major anxieties in fact”. [David Scott, “Paul Delvaux: Surrealizing the nude”, 1992] Dream-like scenes of women, classical architecture, trains, trams, train stations, skeletons, mirrors and mirror frames, doors and door frames, frequently in combination, are repeatedly pictured in Delvaux’s haunting paintings.

SEPTEMBER 24, Elizabeth Blackadder

Awarded Scottish artist and art educator – Elizabeth Blackadder – was born #OnThisDay (September 24) in 1931.

Elizabeth Blackadder worked in a variety of media, such as oil paints, watercolor, drawing, and printmaking. In her still life paintings and drawings, she showed much consideration for the space between objects. She also painted portraits and landscapes, but her later work pictures mainly cats and flowers with an impressive attention to detail.

Blackadder taught at the Edinburgh College of Art from 1962 until her retirement in 1986. She was the first woman to be an academician of both the Royal Academy of Arts in London and the Royal Scottish Academy. In 1982 she was awarded the OBE for her contribution to art, which was promoted to a DBE in 2003. In 2001, she was appointed Her Majesty’s Painter and Limner in Scotland.

Dame Elizabeth Blackadder died on 23 August 2021, aged 89.

SEPTEMBER 25, Mark Rothko

“A painting is not a picture of an experience; it is an experience.”

Mark Rothko, American painter of Latvian Jewish descent, born #OnThisDay (September 25) in 1903 as Markus Yakovlevich Rothkowitz, best known for his color field paintings depicting irregular and painterly rectangular regions of color (intended as “dramas” to elicit an emotional response from the viewer), which he produced in his “classic” period (from 1951 until his suicide in 1970)

“I’m not an abstractionist. I’m not interested in the relationship of color or form or anything else. I’m interested only in expressing basic human emotions: tragedy, ecstasy, doom, and so on. And the fact that a lot of people break down and cry when confronted with my pictures shows that I can communicate those basic human emotions … The people who weep before my pictures are having the same religious experience I had when I painted them. And if you, as you say, are moved only by their color relationship, then you miss the point.”

“You’ve got sadness in you, I’ve got sadness in me – and my works of art are places where the two sadnesses can meet, and therefore both of us need to feel less sad.”

In Memoriam Mark Rothko (September 25, 1903 – February 25, 1970 silence is so accurate)

[The central piece of the collage, the portrait of Mark Rothko, was painted in 2017 by Czech-born Russian contemporary artist Olesya Denisova]

SEPTEMBER 26, Théodore Géricault

French Romantic painter and lithographer – Théodore Géricault – was born #OnThisDay (September 26) in 1791.

While studying at the Louvre (1810-1815), Géricault spent much of his time at the stables of the palace in Versailles, gaining knowledge about the anatomy and motion of horses. His first major work, “The Charging Chasseur”, was hence horse-related and was successfully exhibited at the Paris Salon of 1812. For the next several years, Géricault would continue producing studies of horses and cavalrymen.

Despite his untimely death at a very young age (26 January 1824, aged 32), Géricault left behind significant artworks – both paintings and lithographs. He is internationally best known for the 1818-19 painting “The Raft of the Medusa”, depicting the aftermath of a French shipwreck, Meduse, in which the captain had left the crew and passengers to die.

SEPTEMBER 27, T. C. Cannon

Native American painter, printmaker, poet, and aspiring musician – T. C. Cannon – was born #OnThisDay (September 27) in 1946 as the son of a Kiowa father and a Caddo mother. His Kiowa name was Pai-doung-a-day, meaning “One Who Stands in the Sun”.

Tommy Wayne Cannon’s first introduction to art was thanks to the “Kiowa Six”, a group of Native American painters who achieved international reputation and who contributed to the development of the Southern Plains Flatstyle of painting.

T. C. Cannon enrolled in the Institute of American Indian Arts (IAIA) in Santa Fe in 1964 and, after graduation, he enrolled in the San Francisco Art Institute, but left after two months to enlist in the army. As a paratrooper in the 101st Airborne Division, Cannon served in Vietnam from 1967 to 1968. During the Tet Offensive, he earned two Bronze Star Medals. He was also inducted into the Black Leggings Society, the Kiowa warriors’ society.

While still stationed in Vietnam, Cannon had a breakthrough in his art career. Rosemary Ellison, curator of the Southern Plains Indian Museum in Anadarko, Oklahoma, included him in a major traveling exhibit, Contemporary Southern Plains Indian Art.

Cannon produced a large body of work over the next years, in preparation for his first solo show, scheduled to open at the Aberbach Gallery in New York in October 1978. On the 8th of May that year, T. C. Cannon died in an automobile accident, at the age of 31. He is remembered as one of the most influential, innovative, and talented Native American artists of the 20th-century.

SEPTEMBER 28, Alexandre Cabanel

French academic painter and significant representative of the L’art pompier – Alexandre Cabanel – was born #OnThisDay (September 28) in 1823.

Cabanel was the preferred painter of Napoleon III. He painted historical, classical and religious subjects, and was also a very respected portrait painter.

Alexandre Cabanel (28 September 1823 – 23 January 1889) is world-famous for the 1863 academic painting “Birth of Venus”, but he is likely best-loved for the 1847 painting “Fallen Angel” (L’ange déchu).

SEPTEMBER 29, Caravaggio

Italian painter Michelangelo Merisi (Michele Angelo Merigi or Amerighi) da Caravaggio, simply known as Caravaggio, was born #OnThisDay (September 29) in 1571.

In his paintings, Caravaggio succeeded to combine a close and realistic observation of the human state and condition (physically and emotionally) with the dramatic use of light (tenebrism), which ultimately also had an important formative impact on the Baroque painting.

Caravaggio’s inspiring effect on the new Baroque style that emerged from Mannerism was truly profound. His influence can be seen directly or indirectly in the work of Peter Paul Rubens, Jusepe de Ribera, Gian Lorenzo Bernini, and Rembrandt. Artists heavily under his dominance were called the “Caravaggisti” (or “Caravagesques”), as well as tenebrists or tenebrosi (“shadowists”).

“I am always learning.” Caravaggio (29 September 1571 – 18 July 1610)

SEPTEMBER 30, Anthony Green

English realist painter and printmaker – Anthony Green – was born #OnThisDay (September 30) in 1939.

Green is best known for his paintings of middle-class domestic life and the frequent use of compound perspectives and polygonal forms – particularly with large, irregularly shaped canvasses.

Anthony Green is living and working in Cambridgeshire and, along with oil paintings, he also produces a number of works designed from the start as limited edition prints, which are typically giclée works.

The artist, senior Royal Academician, is one of the UK’s best-loved narrative and figurative painters, while also having had almost 100 one-man show exhibitions worldwide.

 

Why #artbasedlearning?

As the world is changing enormously, the pursuit of knowledge and skill becomes acute. Humans engage in lifelong learning for both personal and professional reasons. General knowledge, (continuous) learning, (re-, up-) skilling empower professional & personal development, competitiveness, self-sustainability, social inclusion, active citizenship, satisfaction & wellbeing, and employability.

But learners are different and so should be the means of learning and education. Innovation in learning is key to an inclusive education. Hence, e.g., an art-based approach to learning.

Thank you for following #artbasedlearning on both LinkedIn (hosting the Literary Birthday Calendar) and Facebook!

Posted in Knowledge, The Art-based Learning Calendar and tagged , , , , , .

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.